Researchers from Indian Institute Of Technology(IIT) Mandi and the Institute for Stem Cell Sciences And Regenerative Medicine in Bengaluru have discovered the biochemical processes that enable the eggs of the dengue causing mosquito to survive harsh condition and rejuvenate when suitable condition return . The details of this research have been published in the journal PLOS Biology .
Mosquitoes , viral vectors for the various diseases , deposit their eggs in water , where they hatch. The eggs of the dengue and Zika carrying aedes mosquitoes can endure extended periods without water , akin to plant seeds patiently waiting for the germination in the absence of moisture.
The collaborative team reared Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, studying their eggs through a series of innovative experiments .
” Each of these organism find its own unique unique way to overcome water loss . our understanding of this fundamental process remains limited . Mosquitoes eggs , facing drying conditions , enter a altered metabolic state to significantly increase the production of polyamines , which pay a crucial role in enabling the embryos to with stand the damage caused by the water loss.”